Who do I see?
Routine GP appointment
Most couples (around 84%) will get pregnant within a year if they have regular sex and don’t use contraception. Having regular sex means having sex every 2 to 3 days throughout the month. This figure rises to 92% after 2 years.
If you’re trying to get pregnant it’s important to take folic acid daily, eat a healthy diet, and drink no more than 1 or 2 units of alcohol once or twice a week. This will help your baby develop healthily.
Fertility problems affect 1 in 7 couples in the UK, these can be caused by a variety of issues which may affect either person or both. In 25% of couples, fertility problems can’t be explained.
Risk factors for infertility include smoking, obesity, occupational risks, excessive alcohol consumption, and drug use. Female fertility declines with age; the effect of age on male fertility is less clear.
Trying to get pregnant – NHS (www.nhs.uk)
Infertility – NHS (www.nhs.uk)
Investigations for infertility are not usually recommended until the couple has been unable to conceive after 1 year of regular unprotected sex. However, investigations should be offered earlier than 1 year to couples who have been identified as less likely to conceive or if the woman is aged 36 years and older.
Before a referral can be made, both partners will need to have further tests completed, these can be arranged by the GP. For men this is a sperm sample and for women this requires 2 blood tests, an ultrasound scan and STI screening.
You will then be referred to the specialist fertility clinic who will be able to discuss options with you based on your test results and individual circumstances.
Fertility treatments include:
- Medication for lack of regular ovulation
- Surgical procedures such as treatment for endometriosis, repair of fallopian tubes, or removal of scarring (adhesions) within the womb or abdominal cavity
- Assisted conception such as intrauterine insemination or IVF
In Hampshire you are only eligible for NHS funded IVF if you are under 35, have been trying to conceive for one year and have not fallen pregnant and have not had IVF before. Both partners must not have any previous children. For same sex couples or single people you need to have had 12 failed insemination cycles, of which 6 need to be in a clinic using intra-uterine insemination OR a diagnosed fertility problem.
The person having IVF must have a BMI between 19-29.9 and both partners must be non smokers for at least 6 months.